Burkovsky I.V., Mazei Yu.A.
Receipt date 22.02.2015 | Publication date 21.03.2016
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1 Leninskiye gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Yu. A. Mazei
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1 Leninskiye gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia Penza State University, 440026, 40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia
Abstract. The paper analyzes the seasonal and long-term dynamics of marine interstitial ciliates communities as a result of the processes of system self-organization (of increasing complexity) in constantly fluctuating environment. The traits of simple structure of ciliate community include substantial variability in the composition (even in case of stable environment) and the lack of sustainable combinations of species. The mechanism of the current state maintenance is the lack of energy supply in certain periods or in specific loci of space, as well as large amplitude and unpredictable fluctuations of environmental factors. An indication of the community’s complexity is availability of stable combinations of species in time and space. The mechanisms of formation of stable species combinations are a constant flow of external energy, optimal values and stability of environmental factors (including repeatability of seasonal cycles) and the use of space resources by species according the principle of complementarity of ecological niches.
Key words: ciliates, community structure, complexity, the White Sea, intertidal flat.
For citation: Burkovsky I.V., Mazei Yu.A. Complexity of ecological systems (the case of marine ciliate community). Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology. 2016;1(1). (In Russ.). Available from: https://doi.org/10.21685/2500-0578-2016-1-4