Receipt date 11.01.2016 | Publication date 24.06.2016
М. А. Kharitonenkov
Center for Problems of Ecology and Productivity of Forests of the Russian Academy of Sciences (CEPF), 84/32 Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow, 117485, Russia
Abstract. Model reconstruction of vegetation cover of the south of the West Siberian Plain from the late Pleistocene to the modern era has been carried out on the basis of the associated chronological analysis of paleontological, archaeological and paleoclimate data. We have determined the starting point of active vegetation transformation in the south of the West Siberian Plain as a result of tradition-bound exploitation of natural resources. Periods of maximum anthropogenic load – peak and relative recession – on vegetation cover, acting as a further determinant factor, have been determined in this study for the first time. Comprehensive analysis and new understanding of palynological, paleozoological, archaeological and paleoclimate data in terms of theoretical synecology confirmed the notions on the determinant role of the anthropogenic factor in the transformation of the Pleistocene forest-meadow-steppe vegetation into contemporary communities of the southern taiga, the subtaiga and the forest-steppe of the West Siberian Plain.
Key words: vegetation cover, West Siberian Plain, tradition-bound exploitation of natural resources, Pleistocene, Holocene, palynological analysis.
For citation: Kharitonenkov М.А. Model reconstruction of the vegetation cover of the south of the West Siberian Plain from the late paleolithic period until the late xix century. Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology. 2016;1(2). Available from: https://doi.org/10.21685/2500-0578-2016-2-2